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मध्य पश्चिमाञ्चल विश्व विद्यालय

Mid-Western University

Hydropower Engineering

Posted on: June 29, 2020

Message from Instruction Committee Head (ICH)


Er. Madhab Rijal, ICH, Hydropower

This is the world of rapidly changing technology, technical education should incorporate the recent achievement in technology to have competent engineers to sustain in global market. Being a unique program in South-Asia, Hydropower Instruction Committee is committed to provide academic environment not only for the prescribed courses but also for recent technologies integrated education system with an opportunity to research and development. The pride of the department lies on highly committed management, dynamic leader as well as academically sound, experienced and professionally active full time & visiting faculty members. Also, hardworking supporting staff as well as sincere and well-disciplined students and cannot be forgotten for its pride.Technological advancement in Infrastructural development is the major part of socio-economic development of the nation. Technical education is the key for such changes. Hydropower Engineering is one of the emerging engineering streams that could change the destiny of the country. Nepal has enormous hydropower potential, few percentages of it has been developed to date. Nepal needs to develop hydropower for sustainable development and economic growth of the nation. Technical education is the foremost requirement for infrastructure development. Karnali and Mahakali basin alone has 59.60% economically feasible hydropower potential of whole country. Being situated in Mid-Western region of Nepal, Midwestern University feels the need of hydropower faculty as one of major engineering education program. Since hydropower program is first time lunched in South-Asia, so it has many challenges and opportunities too.

Essay Competition by Department of Hydropower Engineering: A technical essay writing competition was conducted by the Department of Hydropower Engineering, Mid-Western University with a submission deadline of 15th August 2020. The theme of the competition was related to ‘Water Induced Hazard in Nepal’ and the students of the Central Campus of Engineering were eligible for the competition. A total of 31 students have participated and submitted for the competition and the best four of them were awarded with e-certificate and prize.

Read the best two essays:

  1. Essay on Water Induced Hazard in Nepal by Amrit Khatiwada
  2. Essay on Water Induced Hazard in Nepal by Prem Roka


Hydropower Engineering; Need of Nation!

Universities lunch different programs on the basis of the need of society, region, nation as well as global requirements. Nepal has its own plenty of resources on hydropower. It is well known that prosperity comes through industrialization. To make a product or to run industry, we need regular fuel/energy. Every product on which we rely from automobiles to food, buildings, machinery, and household appliances takes energy to produce. The use of energy in industry affects every single citizen directly through the cost of goods and service, the quality of manufactured products, the strength of the economy, and the availability of jobs. Hydropower could be major source of energy. For more than 100 years, hydropower has been an important source of flexible, low-cost, and emissions-friendly renewable energy.

Midwestern University realized the need of skilled manpower (engineer) in country on hydropower and has launched a program under faculty of engineering named “Hydropower Engineering”, which is very new in South Asia. Hydropower Program with faculty of engineering are dedicated to prove themselves as a competitive course designer and implementer. Faculty of engineering has recently enhanced its whole syllabus with relevant subject matter, with major focus on water resources, hydraulic structures and energy generation.


Photo: Faculties of Central Campus of Engineering, Midwestern University

Scope of Hydropower

Hydropower has a large potential in the context of Nepal. We have all known and heard from decades that Nepal possess large potential of hydropower (83GW, half of which s feasible to generate ).But only about 1100 Mw of it has been extracted. Government of Nepal in the recent years seems to be more focused in generating electricity from hydro sources. With more focus in investment in hydropower and encouragement/provision provided by the government to the local as well as foreign investors, we can see hydropower industry blossom in Nepal in the Nepal. So, it can be said hydropower engineering has a bright scope in Nepal.

Photo: During survey camp

Hydropower program is the advancement of civil engineering in hydropower sector; also program focuses on important portion of mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. It is hybrid program of civil engineering and electrical and mechanical engineering. Program aims to expertise in civil components of hydropower and general design knowledge on electrical and mechanical components of hydropower. For small/micro hydropower project, there is no sufficient budget to hire different field engineers, in that situation hydropower engineers shall be best suited. Hydro engineers (also known as hydro-electric and hydro-power engineers) provide design, project planning and consulting services to hydro-electric companies to assist with all phases of hydroelectric power development including dams, spillways, head-works, tunnels, penstocks, power house and power transmission lines.

Photo: During Bheri Babai Diversion Multipurpose project


Bachelor in Hydropower Engineering is a four year, eight semester program. Total number of seat is 48 (including 5 numbers of scholarship). Hydropower Engineering degree offers an exciting curriculum that incorporates theory and practice of construction and design technologies in Hydropower. This programme facilitates each to develop well-rounded professional and technical skills and helping you to innovate smart solutions to improve living environment, anywhere in the world. The knowledge and skills incorporated in this curriculum will be helpful to deliver the individual needs as well as national and international need in the field of Hydropower sector.


Executive Faculty members:




Student’s review

Barmesh Raut Chandrabansi
(BHE 103/2073)

Barmesh Raut Chandrabansi: When I joined Mid- Western University in Faculty of Engineering, I was not sure of the decision I had made, however today I am glad that I am a part of MWU.

This faculty of Engineering, (Hydropower) has proven to be an ideal platform to peruse my engineering career. This Faculty provides homely environment, dedicated teachers, well laboratories and few are in constructions, good administrative facilities.

MWU is the first government university of Nepal, which runs the Hydropower Engineering in undergraduate programme. There are a lots of field visit given by this faculty for the students of BHE to familiar the real projects as well as structure. As I was the first batch student of hydropower faculty, felts a lots of problems and challenges but now a days many of them are solved and in future rest of them will be solved. Thanks to the Dean sir Assot. Prof Dr. Govinda Prasad Lamichhane, ICH Head Er. Madhab Rijal sir and all faculty member.

I think +2/ Diploma Graduated should not miss the chance of being a part of specially Hydropower Engineering students of MWU. Thank You !!!


Bishal Giri, Third Year

Bishal Giri: I am student of Hydropower in Central Campus of Engineering of MidWestern University (MU). MU will be in every regards, be the right destination for those who aspire to become a professional engineer at affordable fees. A group of best and well trained engineers of Nepal teach to give best knowledge and helps to achieve the bright future of students. The campus has been producing highly skilled engineers that have blends of both indigenous and modern day technologies from the establishment.


Subjects that are offered in Hydropower Engineering:

First Semester (First Semester)
Engineering Mathematics I
Applied Mehanics I (Statics)
Engineering Chemistry
Engineering Drawing I
Workshop Technology
Construction Materials
Basic Computer Concept and Programming

First Year (Second Semester)
Engineering Mathematics II
Applied Mechanics II (Dynamics)
Engineering Physics
Engineering Drawing II
Fundamental of Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
Basic Electrical Engineering
Basics of Water Resource

Second Year (First Semester)
Engineering Mathematics III
Basic Electronics Engineering
Strength of Materials
Fluid Mechanics
Surveying I
Engineering Geology
Communication English

Second Year (Second Semester)
Theory of Structure I
Surveying II
Probability and Statistics
Engineering Hydrology
Soil Mehanics
Concrete Technology and Masonry Structures

Third Year (First Semester)
Theory of Structures II
Fundamentals of Hydropower
Computational Techniques
Foundation Engineering
Geographical Information System and Remote Sensing
Road Engineering
Electro-Mechanical Equipment
Survey Camp

Third Year (Second Semester)
Design of Steel Structures
Design of Hydraulic Structures
Pumps and Turbines
Power System Apparatus
Engineering Economics
Rock Mechanics and Tunneling
Elective – I

Fourth Year (First Semester)
Hydropower Engineering Project I
Modeling in Water Resources
Design of Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) structures
Construction Project Management
Estimating and Valuation
Elective II
Elective III

Fourth Year (Second Semester)

Hydropower Engineering Project I
Entrepreneurship and Ethics in Professional Practices
Hydropower Engineering Seminar

List of Electives:

Elective I
1. Applied Hydrology
2. River Mechanics
3. Environmental pollution and management
4. Soil Conservation and watershed management
5. Integrated Water Resource Management
6. Conservation of water environment and ecology
7. Climate Change

Elective II
8. Earthquake Engineering
9. Computer Aided Design
10. Advanced geotechnical engineering
11. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
12. Earth Hazard
13. Low Volume Road Engineering
14. Introduction to pre-stressed concrete analysis and design

Elective III
15. Electrical Energy System Management
16. Rural Electrification
17. Electrical Energy System Management
18. Alternative Power Generation
19. Community Development and participatory rural approach
20. Design of Micro Hydropower Power System